Conditional to modify query results

I’ll admit, I’m not a PHP expert, nor am I familiar with all of the WordPress functions and hooks. I’ve been stuck on an issue, searching for help without much success, and I was hoping that someone could help point me in the right direction.

I have a form. The user selects a specialty, location, and distance (10 miles, 20, 50, etc). The results are queried from a custom post type and filtered to match the specialty. The posts have their latitude and longitude in the meta data but I am not sure how to bring this into the query. I want the posts to only show if their latitude/longitude is within proximity from the specified distance. I have the functionality written already to get their distance. The trouble I’m having is with the query and displaying the data properly.

Here are my current query arguments:

$args = array(
    'post_type' => 'team-members',
    'posts_per_page' => -1,
    'meta_query' => array(
            'key' => 'specialties',
            'value' => $_GET['specialization'],
            'compare' => 'LIKE'
$loop = new WP_Query( $args );

while ( $loop->have_posts() ) : $loop->the_post();

This currently will display all the posts with the matching specialization, however, does not include anything involving the distance. So what I initially did was then set a conditional to check if the post was within the distance specified (don’t worry about these variables, they are displaying the correct data):

if ( $distance < $_GET['within'] ) {

The issue is that this condition is not factored into the query, and I am unable to sort by distance. Additionally, I have to set a counter in order to get a correct post “count”, plus it just feels hacked together. I feel like there is a foundational error here, and I can’t pinpoint it.

I hope this information was sufficient, and if you need anything clarified, please comment. I didn’t want to overwhelmingly provide more than was necessary.

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Conditional to modify query results"

here is the mysql query you can use to get the result having distance less then your value.

SELECT * , pm1.meta_value  as latitude, pm2.meta_value as longitude ,    
      (((acos(sin(([latitude]*pi()/180)) * 
          sin((pm1.meta_value * pi()/180)) + cos(([latitude]*pi()/180)) * 
          cos((pm1.meta_value * pi()/180)) * cos((([longitude] - pm2.meta_value)* 
      ) as distance

FROM wp_posts p
JOIN wp_postmeta pm1 ON pm1.post_id = p.ID AND pm1.meta_key = 'latitude'
JOIN wp_postmeta pm2 ON pm2.post_id = p.ID AND pm2.meta_key = 'longitude'
having distance < $_GET['within']

It will return all the post with distance is less then your $_GET[‘within’] value.

It seems that you could use Types and Views plugins (with Views “Parametric search” feature). Views is commercial, but unless you are building your personal website, I think it’s worth it.

Nice writeup about those plugins is, for example, here: