Programmatically adding menu items function replicates in multiple menus

I have the following code:

add_filter( 'wp_nav_menu_objects', 'dynamically_add_shop_categories_to_submenu' );
function dynamically_add_shop_categories_to_submenu( $items ) {        
    $taxonomy_name = array( 
    $args = array(
        'orderby'    => 'name', 
        'order'      => 'ASC',
        'hide_empty' => true, 
        'fields'     => 'all', 
        'exclude'    => '160',
    $terms = get_terms( $taxonomy_name, $args );
    $base = 'http://' . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . '/businesses/';
    $bc = '&shop-category=';
    $bt = '?business-type=shops';             
    foreach ( $terms as $term ) {
        $shops = array (
            'title'            => $term->name,
            'menu_item_parent' => 1157,
            'ID'               => '',
            'db_id'            => '',
            'url'              => $base . $bt . $bc . $term->slug
        $items[] = (object) $shops;
    return $items;    

This successfully adds submenu items from the ‘shop-category’ taxonomy to a top level menu with the ID 1157. This works as expected.

There are more top level menus which remain unaffected by this, which is correct, as we’ve only specified these items to be added to the 1157 menu.

However, at the footer of our site we have three more menus, all of which get these submenus added. Why is the code doing that? The menus don’t appear to have any IDs, so how do we modify the code to exclude them?

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Programmatically adding menu items function replicates in multiple menus"

You can use the second input argument $args to target the specific menu.

Here’s an example with some checks that you can adjust to your needs:

add_filter( 'wp_nav_menu_objects', function( $sorted_menu_items, $args )
           'primary' === $args->theme_location   // Alternative
        && 'some_menu_slug' === $args->menu->slug  // Alternative
    ) {
        // Your stuff here ...
    return $sorted_menu_items;
}, 10, 2 );

When we add a menu item, a new row is created in the wp_posts table. This is the ID you’re referring to. When we delete it and add it again, then we will get a new ID. So it might be better to target the menu theme location or the menu slug instead.

When you append the custom menu items in your example and the menu_item_parent doesn’t exists, in the current menu, then it should be added to the menu as an item with menu_item_parent = 0.