Query to return maximum of one post per author

We are introducing a “featured author” area on our site and would like to display the most recent articles by a select group of authors. However, we only want a maximum of one post per author to display. So an author could potentially have posted 5 times since another author had posted, but regardless only one of their posts should appear. Currently this is the code I’ve got:

<?php
$args = array(
'showposts' => 5,
'author' => "6800,3845,1720,7045,4949"
);

$the_query = new WP_Query( $args );

while ( $the_query->have_posts() ) : $the_query->the_post(); 

?>

// DISPLAYING STUFF

<?php endwhile; wp_reset_query(); ?>

One potential solution I have considered is querying more posts and setting up an array, then checking the array each time to see if an author is already in it. If they are, it would continue to the next row. But an obvious issue with this would be that I may potentially end up having to pull back 100’s of posts if a particular “featured author” hadn’t wrote for a while.

I’m still fairly new to PHP/MySQL and a solution is probably starring me in the face. Appreciate any assistance.

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Query to return maximum of one post per author"

You need to GROUP BY the author ID, which is going to require a filter on posts_groupby. The Codex page for that filter is non-existent but it works like posts_join. Something like…

function filter_authors($groupby) {
  global $wpdb;
  $groupby = " {$wpdb->posts}.post_author";
 return $groupby;
}
add_filter('posts_groupby','filter_authors');

$args = array(
 'showposts' => 3,
 'author' => "1,2,3"
);

$the_query = new WP_Query( $args );

while ( $the_query->have_posts() ) : $the_query->the_post();
 echo $post->post_title.' :: '.$post->post_author."<br/>";
endwhile;

Use your own values in $args of course.

that will effect any other query on the page that runs after this block of code. You might want to remove the filter after you are done.

remove_filter('posts_groupby','filter_authors');

Another approach could be to use a function that loops through get_posts and prints the result.

Check this Q&A: When should you use WP_Query vs query_posts() vs get_posts()?

// function located in the theme's functions.php
function wpse_78117_print_authors_last_post() 
{
    $user_ids = array( '1', '2' );
    foreach( $user_ids as $user )
    {
        $args = array( 
                'post_type'     => 'post',
                'numberposts'   => 1,
                'author'        => $user
            ); 

        // as we are getting only 1 post, extract it from the returned array
        $user_post = array_shift( get_posts( $args ) );

        // similar
        $nick = array_shift( get_user_meta( $user, 'nickname' ) );

        // custom output, $user_post contains all the post normal data
        echo $user_post->post_title . ', by: ' . $nick;
    }
}

And then use it in any theme template:
<?php wpse_78117_print_authors_last_post(); ?>.